All WHO Member States adopted the Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance in 2015 which identifies five areas of action needed to tackle antimicrobial resistance: improving awareness, increasing surveillance and monitoring, improve infection prevention, optimize the use of antimicrobials and develop new antibiotics, vaccines and diagnostics.
The ReAct Toolbox aims to assist all health care professionals – both in human and animal health – to tackle the spread of antibiotic resistance by compiling the best resources to guide action and built on experiences from past interventions in a variety of settings.
Health care professionals are responsible for treatment decisions, prescription and distribution of antibiotics for humans and animals. Rational use policies should be designed to prevent harm, improve safety and treatment outcomes, while conserving the effectiveness and longevity of all antibiotics.
Improving infection control will reduce the need for using antibiotic in the first place in both humans and animals. By decreasing use of antibiotics the development and spread of resistance can be slowed down.
“Caring about antibiotic resistance is similar to reducing plastic waste or saving water”, says Dr. Windhi Kresnawati. She is a pediatrician and has worked in a remote area (Biak regency) in Papua Island in Indonesia for the past 4 years. During this time she managed to engage various stakeholders to support and participate in a series of activities to raise their awareness on antibiotic resistance. She also volunteers with Concerned and Caring Parents (YOP) in their educational activities.
Dr. Nithima Sumpradi from the Thai Food and Drug Administration was one of the key researchers responsible for the Antibiotic Smart Use project in Thailand. Here she explains the program more in detail, what it has achieved and reflects over lessons learned in the process.