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Journal articles

Journal article

Universal Access to Effective Antibiotics is Essential for Tackling Antibiotic Resistance

The world has a collective responsibility to preserve antibiotic effectiveness and access for all. This paper lays down policy implications and global governance tools necessary to addressed to resolve access vs. excess dilemma.
Universal Access to Effective Antibiotics is Essential for Tackling Antibiotic Resistance.

Journal article

A Global Antimicrobial Conservation Fund for Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This paper co-authored by ReAct points out to the critical need to scale-up funding for low- and middle-income countries to support antimicrobial conservation and proposes a formation of the fund coordinating such support.
A Global Antimicrobial Conservation Fund for Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Journal article

Delinking Investment in Antibiotic Research and Development from Sales Revenues: The Challenges of Transforming a Promising Idea into Reality

The paper discusses different aspects of the delinkage model, the most promising incentive mechanism proposed to replace the current business model for antibiotics. Delinking Investment in Antibiotic Research and Development from Sales Revenues: The Challenges of Transforming a Promising Idea into Reality.

Journal article

Antibiotic resistance-the need for global solutions

This article series describes the global situation of antibiotic resistance, its major causes and consequences. Authors identify key areas spanning from epidemiology to global governance in which action is urgently needed.
Antibiotic resistance-the need for global solutions.

Journal article

UN High-Level Meeting on antimicrobials–what do we need?

In the light of culminating political attention to AMR at the 71st UN General Assembly, this paper highlights four key functions the ad hoc global coordinating mechanisms should bear, namely advocacy, monitoring and evaluation, resource mobilisation and coordination of multisectoral action.
UN High-Level Meeting on antimicrobials–what do we need?

Journal article

Antimicrobial resistance-a threat to the world's sustainable development

This paper examines how a number of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are impacted by antimicrobial resistance and suggests how to integrate the issue better into ongoing international policy processes using SDGs as an entry point.
Antimicrobial resistance-a threat to the world’s sustainable development.

Journal article

International cooperation to improve access to and sustain effectiveness of antimicrobials

In this paper, authors elucidates interlinkages between access, conservation and innovation of antibiotics and the need to address these three elements simultaneously. Because of the multisectoral nature of the problem, having key global institutions and partners aligned under a One Health model is necessary.
International cooperation to improve access to and sustain effectiveness of antimicrobials.

Journal article

An international legal framework to address antimicrobial resistance

Authors propose a concept of a tripod – access, conservation, innovation – where all of these three areas need to be addressed simultaneously to maintain sustainability in global action. The paper also explores tools of an international law that can be utilised in assuring countries’ commitment to act.
An international legal framework to address antimicrobial resistance.

Journal article

Overcoming scientific and structural bottlenecks in antibacterial discovery and development

Both financial and scientific bottlenecks hinder R&D of novel antibiotics. This paper delve deeper into the specifics of the different scientific and structural barriers, and offers some potential solutions.
Overcoming scientific and structural bottlenecks in antibacterial discovery and development.

Journal article

An Integrated Systems Approach is Needed to Ensure the Sustainability of Antibiotic Effectiveness for Both Humans and Animals

This paper identifies issues related to the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals, provides examples of regional and country-level policies regulating non-therapeutic use of antibiotics and emphasises the need for a global coordination via international agreement to address these issues.
An Integrated Systems Approach is Needed to Ensure the Sustainability of Antibiotic Effectiveness for Both Humans and Animals.

Journal article

Use antimicrobials wisely

In this article, authors argue that UN must reframe action on antimicrobial resistance as the defence of a common resource. Better understanding can facilitate action on AMR from varying angles, namely infectious diseases, food security, natural resources and environmental conservation.
Use antimicrobials wisely.

Journal article

3Rs for innovating novel antibiotics: sharing resources, risks, and rewards

This article examines bottlenecks in the antibiotic pipeline. Authors argue that effective solutions are likely to include sharing the three Rs—resources, risks, and rewards along antibiotic development from discovery to post-marketing phases.
3Rs for innovating novel antibiotics: sharing resources, risks, and rewards.