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Health care  –  Education and training

How to educate providers of antibiotics

The table below provides selected resources on how to educate providers of antibiotics and other health care workers to change behaviors in health care, with a special focus on antibiotic resistance.

Selected Resources

Resource Description
WHO Competency Framework for Health Workers’ Education and Training on Antimicrobial Resistance This framework from WHO outlines core and additional competencies for health workers in regards to antimicrobial resistance, and is a reference guide for academic institutions, educators, accreditation bodies, regulatory agencies and health policy- and decision-making authorities. The purpose is to guide the education and training of health workers.
How to educate prescribers in antimicrobial stewardship practices A description of the needs for education. professional curriculums should include principles of microbiology, infectious diseases and clinical pharmacology, with emphasis on the principles of prudent prescribing.
Understanding and changing human behaviour-antibiotic mainstreaming as an approach to facilitate modification of provider and consumer behaviour This paper addresses: 1) Situations where human behaviour is involved in relation to antibiotics, focusing on providers and consumers; 2) Theories about human behaviour and factors influencing behaviour in relation to antibiotics; 3) How behaviour in relation to antibiotics can change; and, 4) Antibiotic mainstreaming as an approach to facilitate changes in human behaviour as regards antibiotics.
Strengthening Pre-service Pharmacy Training on Rational Medicine Use and Antimicrobial Resistance This technical report describes the innovative design of the Rational Medicine Use and AMR theme within the Pharmacy Practice curriculum, illustrates the more engaged teaching-learning experience and provides concrete materials developed for this purpose.
Behavioral Approach to Appropriate Antimicrobial Prescribing in Hospitals Article describing an intervention on appropriate antibiotic prescribing grounded in behavioral theory. A root cause analysis of inappropriate prescribing was performed, and then prescribers were offered a free choice of how to improve their antimicrobial prescribing based on this analysis. The Root Cause Analysis Interview Topic List can be found in supplemental content.
Theory at a Glance: A Guide For Health Promotion Practice This guide describes influential theories of health-related behaviours, process of shaping behaviour, and the effects of community and environmental factors on behaviour.
How to change practice: Understand, identify and overcome barriers to change A guide giving practical advice on how to encourage healthcare professionals to change their practice in line with the latest guidance, provided by the AIDS Education and Training Center (AETC) Program.
National Quality Partners Playbook: Antibiotic Stewardship in Acute Care The Playbook helps hospitals and health systems strengthen existing antibiotic stewardship initiatives or create antibiotic stewardship programs from the ground up. It is a complementary resource to CDC’s Core Elements of Hospital Antibiotic Stewardship Programs. The Playbook offers practical strategies for implementing antibiotic stewardship programs in hospitals.

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