A five step project management process is used here to support people involved in the development and implementation of national action plans on antibiotic/antimicrobial resistance.
The five step cycle covers engaging stakeholders, assessing the current situation, planning the work, implementing the plan and evaluating progress. The process can be applied anywhere, however, key elements, specific strategies, interventions and the plans themselves should always be adapted to local setting.
Not all countries will depart from the same starting point, and the order of the five steps may vary depending on factors such as current antibiotic resistance programs, and cultural, political or economic reasons. A variety of examples are provided to showcase the diverse ways how antibiotic action plans can be developed and implemented. Information and resources for implementing specific components of a plan are collected in Elements of a national action plan.