Different interactive tools to visualize data are available within the area of antimicrobial resistance. They are designed to provide data of the user's own choice. Here we highlight a few of the tools available for this purpose.
Interactive tools can aid in the visualization and interpretation of complex datasets. They have the possibility to increase the interest and provide a different type of understanding than data presented in other forms. They can increase understanding and allow the user to view or not to view depending on the preferences set.
Interactive tools on antimicrobial resistance and utilization
The British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC) provides treatment and diagnostic services for people with diseases of public health importance. They also investigate and explore communicable disease occurrence in British Columbia, a western province in Canada. The BCCDC has developed two interactive tools on antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial utilization in British Columbia called Antimicrobial Surveillance Dashboards.
The Antimicrobial Resistance Dashboard is a tool for visualizing antimicrobial resistance providing an interactive cross table of bacterial species, antibiotics and the level of susceptibility among the tested isolates. The Antimicrobial Utilization Dashboard is designed to provide data on antimicrobial utilization. In both dashboards, the data output can be customized by selecting year, gender, age, antibiotic, indication, prescriber type and health region. Executive summaries analyzing and highlighting trends in the data are available in both tools.
Visualize antimicrobial resistance data in Europe
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) together with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) have developed an interactive tool for visualization of antimicrobial resistance data in selected European countries. This interactive tool provides resistance data of two major food-borne pathogens, Salmonella spp and E. coli in a specific country or larger European regions of the user’s own choice. Resistance in food, animals or humans can be be chosen as well.
To compare resistance data between different regions and countries, resistance maps can be used. Two examples of such maps are Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases by ECDC and ResistanceMap by Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy (CDDEP). The ResistanceMap also includes antibiotic use data. Common for both these maps are that the user can select pathogens, antibiotics and compare rates of resistance between different countries.
|Antimicrobial Resistance & Utilization||Interactive tools including antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial utilization developed by BCCDC.|
|Antibiotic usage and consumption Data visualization||Visualization tools on modelled estimates of antibiotic consumption for 204 countries and territories between 2000 and 2018. The data displayed are based on IQVIA MIDASTM database, European Center for Disease Control, World Health Organization, Demographic Health Surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, and published literature.|
|Antimicrobial Resistance in Europe||Interactive tool on antimicrobial resistance in Europe developed by ECDC and EFSA.|
|Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases||Interactive resistance map developed by ECDC.|
|ResistanceMap||Interactive resistance map developed by CDDEP.|
|Antibiotic footprint||Interactive tool that provides visualization of freely accessible official data on antibiotic consumption for easy visualization. Please note that official data is often missing or incomplete, and that numbers are given in tonnes.|
|The fight against antimicrobial resistance across Europe||Interactive website visualizing the situation in Europe and its development from 2011 to 2014, based on the ECDC report: Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in Europe 2014.|
|Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Data Visualizations||Interactive tool with global, regional, national, and in some cases subnational estimates of the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. Allows comparison of effects of different diseases, changes over time and across age groups and populations. Developed by IHME.|
|Resistance bank||Interactive resistance map. Displays antimicrobial resistance data from individual point prevalence surveys done in animal populations. Links to video tutorial. Provides downloads of country reports based on existing data (please note that the data are aggregated and extrapolated and may be scarce). Focuses on Central and Latin America, Africa and Asia.|
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